could be Buffalo's crossing the platte

 Research Papers

Today is:



        County has six townships per row, Beaver is in top tier, fourth from left
        Sweetwater is in the center of Beaver township.
        Originally on Beaver Creek, which winds through the township; possibly on south side of creek
        Site of McGee Ranch
        When the railroad was built Henry Beyer, operating the general store, moved a half mile north to the south side of the tracks.
        A short time later the town was platted on the north side of the tracks in a triangle


- In the northeast corner of Section 4
- In V formed by Sherman County line on north & Beaver Creek  angling south
- Section line on the east side
- Railroad running northwest out of the county on south west side
- Three north-south streets
- One east-west street one block long across the largest rectangle (on the east side of town).
- The street on the north edge if town was Sherman St., the Buffalo/Sherman county line



        1) a wagon upset in Beaver Creek spilling sugar, or
        2) the water in this stream was less alkaline, therefore sweeter, than other water around.

Beaver Creek

        Flows southeast out of Sherman County into Buffalo County
        Empties into South Loup at Ravenna.
        Very winding
        Had sandy bottom in early days
        Now called Mud Creek

        Bridge over Beaver Creek – Logs across the creek were covered with poles and brush, then hay, sod and dirt.

                It would serve until the next flood.
                Now a historic bridge built in 1909, Pictured in book Historic Bridges of Nebr.

Early Settlers: (Settlement in area began about 1873)
        The Crostons – Civil war vet from Maryland
                He married (eloped with) a southerner.
                Lived in Grand Island for a time
                Purchased a squatter’s claim in Hazard Township just across the Buffalo County border in Sherman County.

        James T. Roberts family – Had been friends and neighbors of the James Brothers in Missouri before coming to this area.
                James worked for the UP in 1867 as it was being constructed.
                Brought his family from Nebraska City to Grand Island
                Then settled on the Beaver Creek in Sherman County near Sweetwater.

        Rev. William Robert (Bob) Hodges – He came in 1873
                One of the first to settle in Beaver Township. [but did not homestead]
                Rode for the Olives in Texas and here.
                Was the “fiddler for many of the early social events around Sweetwater.
                He knew only three songs.”

        John McGee Ranch – On route north from Kearney or west from Grand Island.
                At crossing of Beaver Creek on trail from Kearney to Loup City.
                It was probably a sheep ranch.
                In 1874 it was a stage stop between Kearney and Loup City.
                It cost $2 to go from Kearney to McGee’s ranch.
                December 21, 1874 the McGee Ranch was officially named Sweetwater when post office was established.
                When Erastis Smith (founder of Ravenna) came to this area he rented a house in Kearney for his family to stay in until he finished a home for them on the homestead. But the floor collapsed under the weight of their possessions. So he loaded up and they went to McGee’s Ranch and stayed until the dugout was completed – 5 Smiths, 4 McGees, 2 rooms.
                The McGee family moved in 1876, probably Oct. northwest out of Buffalo Co.

Cattlemen vs. settlers - Land north and west of Sweetwater was open range.
        Summer, 1876 - John and Ami Ketchum determined the route from Kearney to the Black Hills.
        September, 1876 - Ami Ketchem lived with the McGees doing blacksmithing and horseshoeing.
        Autumn, 1877 – First clash between the cattlemen (Olives) and settlers.

After McGee left
        James Goff – Mercantile business and farmer.
            May have been the original owner of the Sweetwater townsite.
            May have had a store from 1876-1878 between the departure of the McGees and arrival of Henry Beyer.
            His wife, Jane, was elected a director of the Sweetwater Milling Co.

        Henry Beyer – Merchant
            Henry Beyer family came to Sweetwater in 1878.
            Henry was a merchant and postmaster until 1892.
            Built a store with living quarters above it.
                A friend and wife came to visit.
                Hung a blanket to divide the room, each family taking a side.
                The two men drove to Kearney to get supplies, returning late at night.
                Put up the horses and fell into bed.
                Great commotion by wives and children. Men were in wrong beds.

Summer, 1886 – Chicago Burlington Railroad was built from Grand Island to Broken Bow.
            Beyer moved his store half a mile north from Beaver Creek to the railroad.

Sweetwater Mill
        1886 – Herman and Henry Wilke operated a mill on Beaver Creek, the Sweetwater Mill.
        1888 – There were three mills in operation. Two were south of the store and one farther west.
        1890 – The Sweetwater Mill was destroyed in the tornado.
        The Ravenna News reported:

"The Sweetwater Mill, one of the best and finest roller mills in central Nebraska, had evidently been raised into the air, crushed together by some tremendous force, and dashed to the ground again, a series of shapeless ruins.”

                Several days after the storm a part of the mill's roof was found six miles away.
        1899 – Andrew Rosvold and Herman Wilke rebuilt the Sweetwater Mill.
        Andrew died that summer from inhaling paint fumes.
        Mill operated until late ‘teens.

A hard place to live
Mid-1870’s – drought, lack of supplies, Indian scares, prairie fires, grasshoppers
        Cyclone – June 22, 1890 – not much rebuilding until 1898-99.
        Fires – Business buildings made of wood. Several fires burned 2-3 businesses at a time in 1896, 1917, 1924, 1927.

        1885 – small - occupations on census included farmers, general store owner, clerk, servant, two blacksmiths, miller.
        1895 – Population 116
        1902 – 169


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Revised: 05/03/2018